I second those that suggested Nottingham 1936, Zurich 1953, Endgame Strategy by Shereshevsky, Polugayevsky's Grandmaster Performance and Grandmaster Preparation and would add a small list of my own favourites:
- Euwe, Analysen van A.V.R.O.'s wereld-schaak-tournooi
- Euwe and Kmoch, Groningen 1946. Het Staunton Wereldschaaktoernooi
- John Watson, Secrets of Modern Chess Strategy
- John Watson, Chess Strategy in Action
- Korchnoi, My Best Games, (2 vols)
- Yermolinsky, The Road to Chess Improvement
- Jeremy James and William Hartston, The Master Games, Books One and Two
- Hartston, Teach Yourself Better Chess
- MÃ¼ller and Lamprecht, Fundamental Chess Endgames
- Nunn, Tactical Chess Endgames
- Richter, Kombinationen
If you want a book on pawn structures, try
- Mikhalchishin, Srokowski, Braslavsky, Isolated Pawn, 1994
The translation is awful, the production format is abysmal, but the chess content is 100%. Strangely my openings these days don't lead me into many IQP positions, but I love them when they do arise and - due mainly to this book - I play them with confidence, if perhaps with less competence! There was also a similar book on hanging pawns.
Much lauded books that I have read and loathe include:
- Play/Think/Prepare/Talk Stakhanovite Crap like a Grandmaster, Kotov
- Mein Sytem/My System, Die Praxis meines Systems/Chess Praxis by Nimzowitsch
Pawn Power in Chess falls into a third category, that of books that I have not read but dislike regardless. It has always sounded dreadfully Linnaean in its approach!
An interesting question is what good general opening books there are. Years ago I would have said Estrin and Panov, Comprehensive Chess Openings was good for beginning players, or Euwe's De opening (7 vols), but they are dated. I remember seeing good reviews for a new two volume work on a openings, can't remember who wrote it. For exemplary works on how monographs on specific openings should be written, anything by John Cox.
As for authors, I would recommend anything by Euwe, Botvinnik, Tartakower, Korchnoi, John Watson, Hans Ree (for young players or simple reading pleasure). Amatzia Avni for relaxation and a creative approach.